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Putnam County:

Putnam County is named in honor of General Israel Putnam, who rose to prominence in the American Revolutionary War and fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775.

Putnam County was first established on 2 February 1842 when the Twenty-fourth Tennessee General Assembly enacted a measure creating Putnam County from portions of Jackson, Overton, Fentress, and White Counties. Isaac Buck, Burton Marchbanks, Henry L. McDaniel, Lawson Clark, Carr Terry, Richard F. Cooke, H. D. Marchbanks, Craven Maddox, and Elijah Con, all of Jackson County, were named by the Act to superintend the surveying of the new county.

Surveying was done by Mounce Gore, also of Jackson County, and the Assembly instructed them to locate the county seat, to be called "Monticello," near the center of the county. However contending that the formation of Putnam was illegal because it reduced their areas below constitutional limits, Overton and Jackson counties secured an injunction against its continued operation. Putnam officials failed to reply to the complaint, and in the March, 1845 term of the Chancery Court at Livingston, Chancellor Bromfield L. Ridley declared Putnam unconstitutionally established and therefore dissolved. The 1854 act reestablishing Putnam was passed after Representative Henderson M. Clements of Jackson County assured his colleagues that a new survey showed that there was sufficient area to form the county.

The act specified the "county town" be named "Cookeville" in honor of Richard F. Cooke, who served in the Tennessee Senate from 1851-1854, representing at various times Jackson, Fentress, Macon, Overton and White Counties. The act authorized Joshua R. Stone and Green Baker from White County, William Davis and Isaiah Warton from Overton County, John Brown and Austin Morgan from Jackson County, William B. Stokes and Bird S. Rhea from DeKalb County, and Benjamin A. Vaden and Nathan Ward from Smith County to study the Conner survey and select a spot, not more than two and one-half miles from the center of the county, for the courthouse. The first County Court chose a hilly tract of land then owned by Charles Crook for the site.

Putnam County Statistics:

Average year-round temperature/weather:
Rainfall (in.) 55.7 36.6

Snowfall (in.) 7 25.2

Precipitation Days 122 101

Sunny Days 208 205

Avg. July High 87.6 86.5

Avg. Jan. Low 25.4

Median price of homes: $110,200

Cost of living:
Putnam County's cost of living is 24.23% Lower than the U.S. average.

2008 cost of living index in Putnam County: 84.0 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

Population of city/county and/or median age:
69,916 (2009)

Median resident age: 34.4

Recreational and Cultural:
Boating
Cane Creek Park

Cookeville Boat Dock

Center Hill Marina & Yacht Club

Dale Hollow Lake

Burgess Falls State Natural Area

Cumberland Mountain

Fall Creek Falls

Edgar Evins State Park

Rock Island State Park

Standing Stone

Fishing
Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery

Burgess Falls State Natural Area

Cumberland Mountain

Fall Creek Falls

Edgar Evins State Park

Montgomery Bell State Park

Rock Island State Park

Standing Stone

Area Golf Courses
Belle Acres Golf Course

Ironwood Golf Course

White Plains Golf Course

Cookeville Country Club

Mountain Ridge Golf Course

Southern Hills Golf Course

Hidden Valley Golf & Country Club

Riverwatch Golf Club

Sparta Country Club

Cumberland County

Campgrounds
Cumberland Mountain

Fall Creek Falls

Edgar Evins State Park

Montgomery Bell State Park

Rock Island State Park

Standing Stone

Trails
Burgess Falls State Natural Area

Cordell Hull Birthplace

Cumberland Mountain

Fall Creek Falls

Edgar Evins State Park

Standing Stone

City Parks
Ensor Sink Natural Area

Dogwood Park

Cane Creek Park

Cinderella Park

West End Park

Walnut Park

Franklin Avenue Park

Park View Park

City Lake Natural Area

Drama Center
The Cookeville Drama Center

Music
Bryan Symphony Orchestra

Art
Art Store Café

CO-OperArt Gallery

Cumberland Art Society

Joan Derryberry Gallery

Magical Muse Gallery

Silver Maple Gallery

Spicer & Co.

Stella Luna Gallery

The Art Gallery

The Appalachian Center for Craft

Education:
Adult High School

Algood Elementary School

Avery Trace Middle School

Baxter Elementary School

Burks Middle School

Cane Creek Elementary School

Capshaw Elementary School

Cornerstone Middle School

Cookeville High School

Dry Valley School

Jere Whitson Elementary School

Monterey High School

Northeast Elementary School

Parkview Elementary School

Prescott Central Middle School

Sycamore Elementary School

Uffelman Elementary School

Upperman High School

Technical & Community Colleges
Nashville State Community College

Colleges and Universities
Tennessee Technological University

Medvance Institute

Volunteer State Community College

Medical Facilities:
Cookeville Regional Medical Center

Baxter Medical Clinic

Cookeville Medical Center

Masters Health Care Center

NHC Healthcare Center

Standing Stone Health Care

Crime Rate: Low

Additional Information:
Cities and towns
* Algood

* Baxter

* Cookeville

* Monterey

Unincorporated communities
* Bloomington Springs

* Buffalo Valley

* Silver Point

Cookeville
Have you been looking for that perfect place to call home? Well look no further, because you have found it right here in Cookeville. Cookeville has that essential combination of small-town atmosphere with all the big city amenities, which make day-to-day living run just a little smother.

As the hub of the Upper Cumberland, Cookeville prides itself in being affordable, tranquil and naturally beautiful. It’s no wonder it’s been ranked among America’s most affordable places to retire.

If recreational activities constitute a driving force in you and your family’s mental and physical well-being, then Cookeville has just what the doctor ordered. With seven state parks in the area, 12 golf courses, five rivers, and three major lakes within minutes of the city, the numerous outdoor activities are endless. And don’t forget tennis, golf, swimming, hiking and more. And don’t worry that your recreational activities might get curtailed by the weather, since Cookeville’s average annual temperature is 57 degrees Fahrenheit.

As if the boundless array of recreational activities isn’t enough, Cookeville has more than 100 active civic clubs and community organizations in Putnam County, of which Cookeville is the county seat.

Don’t wait a minute longer. Take the scenic driver to that perfect place you’re sure to call home – Cookeville, Tennessee, located just 79 miles east of Nashville and 101 miles west of Knoxville.

Additional info on Cookeville:
No personal income tax on wages

Varied wildlife in this scenic region beckons campers, naturalist, botanists and photographers alike

Cookeville’s land area is about 20.4 square miles

An excellent roads network retail service, inland port access, and regional airport

A variety of employment opportunities

A comprehensive medical facility

Low cost of living and low crime rate

Cookeville is a regional center for employment, education, retailing, health care. And recreational activities

Diversity of cultural activities: art, backdoor drama, music, and festivals

Recreational activities: Golf, water sports, swimming, baseball, softball, tennis/racquetball, basketball, volleyball, soccer, skating

Opportunity for higher education: Tennessee Tech University

2008 estimated population Putnam County 71,160 up 14.2% from 2000 62,315

Has been ranked as one of the most affordable cities in the nation

Cookeville is the county seat of Putnam County and is the regional hub of a 14-county area known as the Upper Cumberland. Located in the eastern portion of Middle Tennessee, Cookeville is approximately 76 miles east of Nashville, 100 miles west of Knoxville and 100 miles north of Chattanooga.

Cookeville's land area is 20.4 square miles. Approximately 26,000 reside within the city limits, with a corporate population of 42,000. The county has approximately 63,000 residents.

Cookeville's convenient location with easy access to Interstate 40, US Highway 70 and Tennessee Highway 111.

Cookeville is also a university town, being home to Tennessee Technological University, a school well known for its college of engineering, among others.

No skyscrapers in Cookeville, but that doesn't mean Cookeville is lacking in hustle and bustle. It's a major center of activity, with residents of neighboring counties converging daily to work, shop, dine, receive health care or enjoy the abundance of recreational and cultural activities.

Cookeville has several parks and natural areas for those seeking a leisurely escape from a busy schedule.

Cane Creek Park is a good place for fishing, hiking, picnicking, paddle boating, biking, bird watching and more. You may also want to check out Dogwood Park, Hidden Hollow Park, Cane Creek SportsPlex, City Lake Natural Area, Cinderella Park, Ensor Sink Natural Area, Franklin Avenue Park, Park View Park, Walnut Park, West End Park, Circle K Ranch and Cookeville Boat Dock and Resort. Cookeville has several golf courses as well.

For some indoor fun, students may want to venture over to Bowling World, Highland 10 Cinema or the Fun Tunnel arcade. In addition, Putnam County Family YMCA always has plenty of fitness activities going on, and Cookeville Leisure Services offers various classes as well. You may also want to visit Cookeville Depot Museum or the Cookeville History Museum.

Retail center for 14 counties. Retail sales of more than $1 billion annually.

Among top 40 micropolitan areas in the nation, largest micropolitan area in Tennessee.

More than $100 billion in bank deposits annually.

About 130 of the approximate 200 manufacturing companies in region which provide about 11,152 jobs. Manufacturing largest sector of economy, followed by retail and health care.

Educational center for the region: Tennessee Tech University of international repute, community colleges, technology centers, and Cookeville High School - only Tennessee non-metro school with International Baccalaureate Program.

Home to about 550 people with PhD's.

TTU consistently among best universities in academics and value.

One of the smallest cities in the U.S. with a full-blown symphony orchestra - Bryan Symphony Orchestra, a town-grown group based at Tennessee Tech University.

Home to world-famous TTU Tuba Ensemble, a frequent Carnegie Hall performer.

Overton County:

Overton County, Tennessee was formed in 1806 from Jackson County, Tennessee and Indian lands. The county was named for Andrew Jackson's friend Judge John Overton, Judge of the State Supreme Court, and co-founder, with Andrew Jackson and James Winchester, of Memphis. In 1835 the county seat was moved from Monroe to Livingston. There was an election in 1835 to see if the people preferred Monroe or Livingston. Jesse Eldridge and ten others who favored Monroe, started out to vote but stopped overnight in the Oakley community. Eldridge, who personally favored Livingston, arose early in the morning and released the horses of the others who favored Monroe. He then rode to Monroe and voted.

Overton County was originally a part of Davidson County and later Jackson County. In 1805 Moses Fisk surveyed the first village in what is now the community of Hilham. On September 12, 1806, the area of Overton County was established by the state legislature as a county. The Indian Territory that had been within, in which Cherokee Chief Nettle Carrier presided over, was conceded to Tennessee for use by the white man. Overton County, at one time, included part of the territory that eventually became Fentress, Clay, Pickett, and Putnam counties, and since many of the early records of these counties have been partially or entirely destroyed, the extant records of Overton County are important.

The original courthouse was burned by Captain John Francis and a band of Confederate guerillas from Kentucky in April of 1865. This senseless act so close to the end of the Civil War might have destroyed all early County Records had it not been for County Register of deeds James Richardson. Mr. Richardson had hidden the county deed books in the cellar of his home. A few record books in the offices of the County Clerk, the circuit Court Clerk and the clerk and master were also saved.

Overton County Statistics:
Average year-round temperature/weather:
Rainfall (in.) 53.1

Snowfall (in.) 9.5

Avg. July High 87.1

Avg. Jan. Low 26

Median price of homes: $92,600

Cost of living:
Overton County's cost of living is 28.38% lower than the U.S. average.

2008 cost of living index in Overton County: 79.8 (low, U.S. average is 100)

Population of city/county and/or median age:
20,975 (2009)

Median resident age: 38.8

Recreational and Cultural:
Dale Hollow Lake. Each year the lake provides recreational opportunities to millions of visitors. Because of the temperate climate and relatively long recreation season, visitors have many opportunities to fish, hunt, camp, picnic, boat, canoe, hike, ride horseback, and enjoy the outdoors.

Education:
A H Roberts Elementary School

Allons Elementary School

Hilham Elementary School

Livingston Academy

Livingston Middle School

R.E.A.C.H. Academy

Rickman Elementary School

Wilson Elementary School

Colleges and Universities
Volunteer State Community College

The Technology Center in Livingston

Shopping:
Potters Shopping Center in Jamestown

Cumberland Station

Medical Facilities:
Livingston Regional Hospital

Overton County Health Department

Livingston Nursing Home

Crime Rate: Low

Additional Information:
Communities
* Allons

* Alpine (unincorporated)

* Hilham (unincorporated)

* Livingston (town)

Airports
Livingston Airport

White County:

On September 11, 1806, an act of the Tennessee General Assembly created White County out of Smith and Jackson counties, responding to a petition signed by 155 residents of the area. The county's original geographic area included all of what are now White and Warren Counties, as well as parts of modern Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Franklin, Grundy, Putnam, and Van Buren counties.

The origin of the county name is in dispute. The county is officially and widely held to be named for John White (1751-1846), a Revolutionary War soldier, surveyor, and frontiersman who was the first known white settler of the area. White had moved his family to the Cumberland Mountains from Virginia in 1789.[2] However, some historians instead suggest that the county was named for Revolutionary War General James White, founder of Knoxville.

A temporary county seat was established near Rock Island, now in Warren County. Three years later a permanent county seat was established on the banks of the Calfkiller River and named Sparta.

In 1840, White County became a destination for people from all over the country when Christopher Haufmann erected a large hotel on Bon Air Mountain, a part of the Cumberland Plateau. The hotel was located near some mineral springs as well as being at a high altitude, both thought to be health-bringing, and those with ailments came from far and wide to partake of the "cures" advertised by the resort. During this time, the Tennessee Supreme Court (including then-Judge Andrew Jackson) often met in Sparta, and the town was even considered by the Legislature as a potential site for the state capital, narrowly losing out to Nashville.

The Civil War impacted White County heavily, even though no major battles were fought in the area. Being on the border between the pro-Union East Tennessee and pro-Confederate Middle Tennessee, the county was the scene of bloodshed from partisans (called "bushwhackers") of both sides. One famous Confederate guerrilla was Champ Ferguson, who caused much mayhem and destruction before he was arrested on May 28, 1865. During the War, White County provided the Confederacy with 19 companies, and the Federals with one.

Over the following decades, White County slowly rebuilt from the ashes of war. The county was connected to the outside world by railroad, mainly because of the booming coal mining industries being started on Bon Air Mountain. The mountain was rich in bituminous coal, and enterprising local businessmen were quick to realize the profit potential that represented. Several mining towns sprang up on the plateau part of the county, including Bon Air, Eastland, and Ravenscroft. The coal mining industry employed thousands of White County men for decades, but as the 20th century went on, the mines started to close and the people started to move away, and the industry had vanished by the time of World War II.

White County Statistics:

Average year-round temperature/weather:
Rainfall (in.) 55.9

Snowfall (in.) 4.5

Avg. July High 88.3

Avg. Jan. Low 26.8

Median price of homes:
$99,300

Cost of living:
White County's cost of living is 26.41% Lower than the U.S. average.

2008 cost of living index in White County: 80.7 (low, U.S. average is 100)

Population of city/county and/or median age:
24,895 (2009)

Median resident age:
38.8

Recreational and Cultural:
Bridgestone/Firestone Centennial Wilderness

Burgess Falls state Natural Area

Center Hill Lake

Fall Creek Falls State Resort Park

Rock Island State Park

Sunset Rock

Virgin Falls Pocket Wilderness

Fall Foliage Tour

The Rock House Shrine

Education:

Public schools

White County High School

White County Middle School

BonDeCroft Elementary School

Cassville Elementary School

Central View Elementary School

Doyle Elementary School

Findlay Elementary School

Northfield Elementary School

Woodland Park Elementary School

Private schools

Heritage Christian Academy

Colleges and Universities

Tennessee Technological University

Tennessee Bible College

Motlow State Community College

Shopping:
Three Star Mall

Farrar Place Shopping Center

Medical Facilities:
White County Community Hospital

Crime Rate:
National average is 3 for violent crime. White County is 4.

National average is 3 for property crime. White County is 4.

Additional Information:
Cities and towns

Doyle

Sparta

Unincorporated communities

Bon Air

Cassville

DeRossett

Quebeck

Ravenscroft

Walling

Airports

Upper Cumberland Regional Airport

Sparta-White County Airport

Highways

Interstate: I-40 (14 miles)

I-24 (50 miles)

Federal: 70, 70S, 70W

State Primary: 1, 111

State Secondary: 289, 135, 136, 84

Railroads

Served by Caney Fork & Western Railroad

Piggy Back Ramp: Nashville